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The Interreg IVB North Sea Region Programme


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Legislative Drivers & Sectoral Plan Review of TIDE Estuaries

3b. Elbe Estuary

Table 2 shows the many organisations with responsibility for the management for the Elbe estuary. As the estuary lies at the intersection of three federal states (“Bundesländer” Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein and Lower Saxony), this creates challenges for its management. Several working groups have been formed from the three regions to coordinate the implementation of management measures relating to the Water Framework Directive, the Flood Risk Management Directive and Natura 2000. Each state is in charge of measures for its territory, making it difficult to achieve agreements between them. Despite that, the states together with the Federal Administration for Waterways and the Hamburg Port Authority have now issued one Natura 2000 management plan for the whole estuary which is now to be implemented. In parallel, the Senat of Hamburg established the foundation “Stiftung Lebensraum Elbe” in 2010 with the mandate to improve the ecological situation in the Tidal River Elbe through different measures. The foundation is led by a steering committee of different stakeholders as well as organisations with management responsibilities like Hamburg Ministry for Environmental Affairs, the Hamburg Port Authority (HPA), the Federal Waterways Administration (WSV) and others, provided with an endowment of 10 Million € and an income of 7.5 Million € within the following 10 years. Most of the money stems from the Port of Hamburg and port dues. At the beginning of 2012, the foundation is still listing possible measures, however there has been no final agreement on either of these different lists of measures proposed for the Tidal River Elbe. The finances will also require further clarification.

Table 2 Organisational Remit for the Management of the Elbe estuary

ELBE

Area of Responsibility

Group/Organisation

Basis to Management

Water Quality State Ministries
  • Lower Saxony Ministry of Environment and Climate Change (MU)
  • Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (FHH) – Ministry of Urban Development and Environment (BSU)
  • Schleswig Holstein): Ministry of Agriculture, the Environment and Rural Areas
Statutory
State Agencies
  • Federal Institute of Hydrology (BfG)
  • Lower Saxony Water Management, Coastal Defence and Nature Conservation Agency (NLWKN)
  • Lower Saxony State Agency for Mining, Energy and Geology (LBEG)
  • SH: LLUR: Schleswig-Holstein Agency for Agriculture, Environment and Rural Areas
Statutory
Water Companies Duty of Care
Nature Conservation State Ministries
  • Lower Saxony Ministry of Environment and Climate Change (MU)
  • FHH, Ministry of Urban Development and Environment
  • SH:: Ministry of Agriculture, the Environment and Rural Areas
Statutory
State Agencies and Companies
  • Lower Saxony Water Management, Coastal Defence and Nature Conservation Agency (NLWKN)
  • SH: LLUR: Schleswig-Holstein Agency for Agriculture, Environment and Rural Areas
Statutory
Wadden Sea National Parks of Schleswig-Holstein, Lower Saxony and Hamburg - Administration Statutory
Nature conservation NGOs, e.g.
  • BUND, NABU, Verein Jordsand, WWF etc
Stakeholder, protected sites management, contracts, landowner, lobby
Shipping and ports Federal Waterways Administration (WSV), consisting of Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development (BMVBS) and local offices of Hamburg and Cuxhaven. Statutory
State Ministries
  • FHH: Ministry of Economy, Transport and Innovation
  • Lower Saxony Ministry of Economic affairs, employment and transport (MW)
  • SH: Ministry of Science, Economic Affairs and Transport
Statutory
Hamburg Port Authority Statutory
Niedersachsen Ports (N-Ports)
Brunsbüttel Ports
Statutory
Ship-owner associations and terminal operators Lobby
Regional Development State Ministries
  • Lower Saxony Ministry of Food, Agriculture, Consumer Protection and Development (ML)
  • FHH: Ministry of Urban Development and Environment
  • SH: Ministry of Agriculture, the Environment and Rural Areas
Statutory
Local and regional Planning Authorities (with stakeholder input), Statutory
  • Hamburg Port Authority (for the port area)
Statutory
Associations (entrepreneurs, trade, industry) Lobby
Flood Protection State Ministries
  • Lower Saxony Ministry of Environment and Climate Change (MU)
  • SH: Ministry of Agriculture, the Environment and Rural Areas
  • FHH: Ministry of Urban Development and Environment
Statutory
State Agencies
  • Lower Saxony Water Management, Coastal Defence and Nature Conservation Agency (NLWKN)
  • FHH: Hamburg Agency of Streets, Bridges and Water Management
  • SH: Agency for Coastal protection, National Park and Ocean Protection
  • HPA (poldersystem in the harbour area)
Statutory
Water and Land Communities, Drainage Boards Statutory
Niedersachsen Ports (N-Ports) Statutory
Local Landowners Stakeholders
Recreation, Tourism
  • Metropolitan Region of Hamburg
Promotion
Cities and communities along the Elbe
  • Departments for recreation and green spaces (FHH, SH, Lower Saxony)
Statutory
Water sports association
  • Deutscher Motoryachtverband e.V.
  • Seglerverband Niedersachsen e.V.
Lobby
Fishery Private fishing clubs
  • Landesfischereiverband Hamburg (LFV Hamburg)
  • Landesfischereiverband Elbe (LFV)
Lobby, site management
Fishery Administration
  • Lower Saxony State Office for Consumer Protection and Food Safety (LAVES) – Department Freshwater Fishery and Fishery Service
  • FHH: Ministry of Economy, Transport and Innovation
  • SH:: Ministry of Agriculture, the Environment and Rural Areas
Statutory
Lower Saxony Chamber of Agriculture, Department Fishery Statutory
Private fishing clubs (DAV) Lobby
Agriculture State Ministries
  • Lower Saxony Ministry of Food, Agriculture, Consumer Protection and Development (ML)
  • FHH: Ministry of Economy, Transport and Innovation
  • SH:: Ministry of Agriculture, the Environment and Rural Areas
  •  
Statutory
Chamber of Agriculture¹
  • Landwirtschaftskammer Hamburg
  • Landwirtschaftskammer SH
  • Landwirtschaftskammer Niedersachsen
Statutory
Agricultural Associations
  • Deutscher Bauernverband e.V. (BDV)
  • Landvolk Niedersachsen – Landesbauernverband e.V.
  • Landesbauernverband Hamburg e.V.
  • Landesbauernverband Schleswig-Holstein e.V.
Lobby
Forestry Niedersächsische Landesforsten (NLF)
  • FHH: Ministry of Economy, Transport and Innovation
  • SH: Ministry of Agriculture, the Environment and Rural Areas
Landowner, statutory
Hunting Hunters Associations
  • Deutscher Jagdschutzverband (DJV)
  • Landesjägerschaft Niedersachsen e.V.
  • Landesjägerschaft Hamburg e.V.
  • Landesjägerschft Schleswig-Holstein e.V..
Land management, game keeping, lobby


¹ The Chambers of Agriculture are both: stakeholders and agricultural authorities with official duties.


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