Project part-financed by the European Union (European Regional Development Fund)

The Interreg IVB North Sea Region Programme

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Spadenlander Spitze

Effectiveness according to development targets of measure

Definition of development targets:
Establishment of a tidally influenced ecological valuable area:
  • Development of a mosaic of typical estuarine biotopes such as shallow water areas, mudflats, alluvial meadows and alluvial forest.
  • Development of habitats for the ’Elbe Water Dropwort‘ (Oenanthe conioides)
  • Development of spawning area for protected fish species
  • Upgrading of the characteristic landscape of the Elbe estuary region
Achievement of development targets
The measure “Spadenländer Spitze” can be considered as an important part in rebuilding the characteristic landscape of the tidal influenced Elbe estuary. The realignment had a positive effect on the conservation aims and stimulated the development of scarce and endangered species. Species diversity became enormous, and settlement of typical species took place on its own, new species were introduced by the tides very quickly. Therefore planting was not necessary. The area was also colonized by the endemic species Oenanthe conioides. Though not explicitly monitored it was observed that the area was very attractive for several species of birds including geese and ducks.
In general, the measure was considered as a success, most biotopes developed well, only at the shore of the creek some erosion could be observed. One year after implementation, the little pond that should function as resting and spawning area for several fish species showed high sedimentation rates. Therefore the development target of establishing a permanently water filled realignment area could only be partly achieved.

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Report: Management measures analysis and comparison