Project part-financed by the European Union (European Regional Development Fund)

The Interreg IVB North Sea Region Programme

The authors are solely responsible for the content of this report. Material included herein does not represent the opinion of the European Community, and the European Community is not responsible for any use that might be made of it.
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Lippenbroek: Flood Control Area with Controlled Reduced Tide (FCA-CRT)


Cox, T., T. Maris, P. De Vleeschauwer, T. De Mulder, K. Soetaert, and P. Meire. 2006. Flood control areas as an opportunity to restore estuarine habitat. Ecological Engineering 28:55-63.

Jacobs, S., O. Beauchard, E. Struyf, T. Cox, T. Maris, and P. Meire. 2009. Restoration of tidal freshwater vegetation using controlled reduced tide (CRT) along the Schelde Estuary (Belgium). Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 85:368−376.

Maris, T., T. Cox, S. Jacobs, O. Beauchard, J. Teuchies, C. Van Liefferinge, S. Temmerman, W. Vandenbruwaene, and P. Meire. 2008a. Restoration of estuarine ecosystems in the Lippenbroek (Belgium) by controlled reduced tide (Dutch). Natuur.focus 7:21-27.

Maris, T., S. Jacobs, O. Beauchard, T. Cox, W. Vandenbruwaene, P. Peeters, S. Van Damme, E. Struyf, S. Temmerman, and P. Meire. Restoration of a freshwater tidal marsh on a lowered rural site: A new method applied in the Schelde estuary (Belgium).

Maris, T., S. Jacobs, J. Teuchies, T. Cox, and P. Meire. 2008b. Effecten van waterkwaliteit en getij op overstromingsgebieden (Hoofdstuk 1). Eindverslag voor de deelstudie 8 (perceel 8), periode 2007-2008, met inbegrip van onderzoek verricht te Lippenbroek. Onderzoeksgroep Ecosysteembeheer (ECOBE), dep. Biologie, Universiteit Antwerpen, Antwerpen.

Saathoff, S., J. Knüppel, S. Manson, and A. Boerema. 2013. Management measures analysis and comparison. Investigation of measures planned and implemented at the estuaries of Weser, Elbe, Humber and Scheldt. Study report in the framework of the Interreg IVB project TIDE, Oldenburg, Hamburg, Hull, Antwerp.

Temmerman, S., G. Govers, P. Meire, and S. Wartel. 2003. Modelling long-term tidal marsh growth under changing tidal conditions and suspended sediment concentrations, Scheldt estuary, Belgium. Marine Geology 193:151-169.

Van Damme, S., F. Dehairs, M. Tackx, O. Beauchard, E. Struyf, B. Gribsholt, O. Van Cleemput, and P. Meire. 2009. Tidal exchange between a freshwater tidal marsh and an impacted estuary: the Scheldt estuary, Belgium. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 85:197-207.

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Important to know

Reports / Measures / Tools

Report: Management measures analysis and comparison